The education system in the United States of America

education system

 The way of learning in US schools is slightly different compared to other countries education system. They focus on practical knowledge rather than theoretical. When you train in one of the most prestigious educational systems in the world, you will shine. Also, the US spends more money on a student’s education than any other country in the world. This is one of the reasons why the US education system is considered one of the best.
The literacy rate in the United States of America is approximately 99 percent. Due to a law requiring its citizens to obtain the necessary primary education. This state law stipulates that every student between the ages of 6-8 and 16-18 must receive an education. However, this does not apply to preschools and the demarcation varies from state to state. 

In the United States of America there are private, public and home schools. Most students in the United States, approximately 87%, attend state or public schools. The other part of the students, about 10%, goes to private schools and the rest to home schools.

The education system in the United States of America

The education system in the US falls into a different category. To help students learn and explore new things quickly. The American education system offers a rich array of alternatives for students. There are so many schools and programs that impress students. Let’s discuss their different categories and types.

schools in the US

  • Children start school at the age of 5 or 6 and graduate at 17 or 18.
  • A student will have to repeat a class because of an extended vacation or poor performance, although this is rare.
  • There are 12 school years in total.
  • Elementary school or elementary school has grades from 1 to 5.
  • Junior high or middle school has grades 6 through 8.
  • High school or secondary school has grades 9 through 12.

school hours and conditions

School starts in September and lasts nine months until May or June.

Most schools run over two trimesters or two semesters. The first semester is from September to December. The second semester and spring from January to May.

Some schools run for four semesters or four quarters. The terms are September to December, January to March and March to May or June.

The school day in elementary and high schools ends between 8 a.m. and 3 a.m.


Students should go through one of the health tests before joining some of the schools in the US. Students are required to undergo health checks to prevent or control disease transmission.

The spectrum of diseases includes:

  • Polio,
  • DTP (diphtheria, tetanus and pertussis or whooping cough),
  • MMR (measles, mumps and rubella or German measles).

Children must be healthy before they start school. Proof of the relevant vaccinations should be provided in English. It should contain accurate dates and be submitted to the school at the time of admission.

Public education in the US is free and typically extends from kindergarten through grade 12, called K-12 education. Read more about what K-12 education is .

Can asylum seekers go to school in the US?

Since you are legally allowed to remain in the United States while your asylum application is being processed, you should also be able to attend college courses. However, you may not be eligible for any particular internship or work study program available to students in the United States on an F-1 student visa.
It is also up to the college or university whether you are entitled to state course credits or take courses for crediting.

The number of schools in the USA is enormous. Which universities should I apply to?

Do your homework and then decide what’s most important. Search for colleges online and contact the EducationUSA help desk that is most convenient for you. Check the accreditation of the institutions you are considering.

What distinguishes a university from a college?

Universities also offer graduate degrees, while colleges only offer bachelor’s degrees. However, the two are often used interchangeably.

Are there age restrictions for admission to American universities?

Typically, you must be at least 17 years old and have a high school diploma.

What is the academic calendar of the American university system?

With holiday breaks, the academic year usually runs from August to May. Most universities use either the quarter system, where students attend three semesters out of four, or the trimester system (two semesters per quarter) (three semesters).

What is the difference between “Graduate” and “Bachelor” degrees?

After high school, undergraduate programs can lead to a bachelor’s degree (four years) or an associate’s degree (two years). After a bachelor’s degree, graduate programs can lead to a master’s or doctoral degree.

What types of bachelor’s degrees are there?

A two-year degree, known as an associate, can prepare students for a specific career or undergraduate program. A bachelor’s degree is earned after four or five years of study in various majors.

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